Thursday, June 12, 2008
Provide a definition of Assistive technology (your Cook and Hussey reading may be helpful with this).
Assistive equipment gives “support or aid”.
“Assistive equipment can help patients maximise independence in activities of daily living such as self care, home, work, school, and leisure activities. Assistive devices can also enhance health maintenance, deformity, prevention and energy conservation.”
Hopkins, H. & Smith, H (1993)
“Assistive technology is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices and the process used in selecting, locating, and using them. AT promotes greater independence for people with disabilities by enabling them to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing, by providing enhancements to or changed methods of interacting with the technology needed to accomplish such tasks. Although, Cook & Hussey (2001) report this term is usually not used for rehabilitative devices and for devices that able-bodied find useful. According to disability advocates, technology is often created without regard to people with disabilities, creating unnecessary barriers to hundreds of millions of people.”
Describe one piece of equipment introduced in the assistive technology tutorial. Provide information on size, cost and functions.
Fiber optic eye blink switch
Size: Small clip with small sensor box attached.
Cost: $1068 all inclusive Works for the client when all the client can do is blink.
How does your chosen piece of equipment increased functional capacity for the user? Provide examples here from the tutorial and lecture.
Allows the client to control environment, to chose and do activities as opposed to not doing anything at all.
Wednesday, June 11, 2008
Tutorial Seven: Posting You Tube Videos and Flickr Badges to Blogs: Explaining the process
Task One: Explain the step by step process required to embed You Tube videos into your Blog . Consider using screen captures to provide a visual representation of these steps.
Sign into your blog.
Have your blog as a tab.
Create a new tab.
In the new tab go to the you tube website.
Sign in to you tube
Type the key words: “occupational therapy, participation, students, Dunedin.”
Find the video you wish to have, and click on it.
Find the grey box on the right side of the screen and the word ‘Embed’.
Copy the code of the video by highlighting the code under the ‘Embed’ sign, left click the mouse and select ‘copy’.
Return to previous tab with your blog.
Click ‘new post’.
In the message section, right click mouse and select ‘paste’. The code should appear in the message box.
Choose a title and label for your video.
Then click ‘publish post’ and your video will appear on your blog!
Task Two: Explain the step by step process required to embed a Flickr Badge into your Blog . Consider using screen captures to provide a visual representation of these steps.
Sign into your blog.
Have your blog as a tab.
Create a new tab.
In the new tab go to the flickr website.
Sign into Flicker
Scroll down to the bottom of your main page.
Find ‘Help’ and alongside that click on ‘Tools”.
Find ‘Build a Badge’ on the next page that appears, by looking on the right side of the screen, and the fourth tab down.
Click on ‘build a Badge”.
Chose between a flash badge and another badge.
Click ‘next’ and choose content
Click ‘next’ and choose colours.
Click ‘next’ to retrieve your code.
Highlight code and right click mouse and select ‘copy’.
Return to previous tab, your blog.
Click ‘new post’
Click ‘layout’ at top left of page.
Click, ‘Add a page element’.
Select ‘HTML/ Java Script’ and click ‘Add to blog’
Paste code in content box and add title.
Flicker will appear on the left side of your blog as a page element.
Provide the web address and the name of the community you are investigating
Book crossing: www.bookcrossing.com
What is the brief or focus of this community
The focus of this community is to share the love of books. People join the website because they like books and wish to share their books or talk about books with others. People can send off their books with a special cover on the inside page that tells about the website. People pick up the book, read it, find the blurb about the website and then go to that site to investigate and most become members or already are. They then pass the book on.
What services are provided? How interactive is this site? How can people contribute?
People can join the website as members free of charge. They can register their books they want to give away, they then can send off their books and watch as their books are picked by other people and sent out again. They can pick up other peoples books, read and review them, and then send them on again. There are special book crossing items such as envelopes, postcards, bookmarks, bags and more that can be bought. There are discussion forums where people can talk with other members all over the world.
Consider material presented during the lecture and make comment on why people choose to contribute to this community. What is it they are seeking?
I believe that people contribute to this community because of a love of books, or because they want to socialise or be part of something that is bigger than themselves, to give themselves a certain identity, as a hobby, because they find the idea of sending out books to be picked up by others as a novel and unusual idea, because they are bored or because they want to chat about books in the forums, and maybe because they have a message they want to bring across.
Cut and paste an example of the type of topics being discussed (you may have to provide a context to your excerpt).
“by KrazyKatLaydee > Small communities might not have a well- > stocked library nearby, and in larger > cities there is often a long waiting list > for the most popular books.
Don't get me wrong, I love my public library, but it's very hard to get books that aren't on the NYT best seller list. They just don't have the funds to get all the books I want to read. Inter-library loans are great, but it can be a very long wait.
Re: You don't get free libraries in the Netherlands?
by Covert 6 mins ago
I'm not aware of any law requiring that libraries be free in the States, and I was under the impression that some libraries here DO have membership fees. Perhaps I'm wrong. Can anyone give me a definitive answer to that?”
Considering material presented during the course and make comment on the potential ethical issues that may arise in this community e.g. lack of identity and accountability.
Some ethical issues that might arise would be around accountability. People might post discussion in the forums that is inappropriate, however if this was the case most people would reply and let that person know that his imput is not appreciated. People also could release books that are inappropriate and give book crossing a bad name. The worst thing that could happen is if someone were to collect all the books released and sell them in a second hand book store. This would not be ‘against the rules’ but it would be very unfair.
Consider material presented during the lecture and make comment on the benefits this community holds over traditional notions of community e.g. communities reliant on geographic proximity
The benefits of this community are; it has a common theme for people who love books, it has a forum where people all over the world can talk, it can be accessed whenever, it doesn’t cost to join or to attend, its quick and easy, people can converse at the same time and yet no information is lost.
Consider material presented during the lecture and make comment what this community lacks or can not provide which traditional communities can.
The one thing this community lacks is the ability to see people face to face and communicate with them in the more traditional way. The more traditional way gives much more meaning and longer lasting friendships and relationships.
Task Four (Blog Posting): Provide a brief summary of the services offered by U Tube. Information can be drawn from the week five tutorial hand out.
You tube is a website dedicated to video sharing and viewing. People can enter the website and watch movies or can become a member by signing in and post their own videos. Some videos cannot be posted if they contain illicit material or only those who are a member of you tube and are over 18 can watch them. The benefits of you tube involve being able to watch videos on almost any subject, including news items. The danger of you tube is knowing whether the video is authentic or not.
Task Five (Blog Posting): Provide a brief account (1-2 paragraphs) on how the use of planning (storyboarding and scripting aided your groups short film.
Story boarding is very useful in laying out what was going to happen in each video clip. It means that the video flows logically and there is a plan to follow while filming. The process of storyboarding also brings out the issues of space or position that would not usually be thought of if story boarding hadn’t been done. It also generates creativity and makes the scripter think of possible other angles or views.
Scripting is very important when making a video or else the characters in the video have to focus on thinking about what they are going to say in the shot rather than repeating a line and focusing on their body language and acting. Scripting also allows for a logical story line
Task Four: Provide a brief summary of the services offered by Blogger (this will be your third posting. Information can be drawn from the attached hand out). In addition to this name one other Blog host.
Blogger.com is a blog hosting website. People become a member of blogger.com by signing in with their email and a pass word. Then they are able to make their own blog which is a space where they can write about what ever they want. They can choose their own background, fonts, colours, and add pictures, have links to other sites, and post videos or pictures. People can choose whether to have their blog viewed by everyone or they can have certain privacy settings that restrict access. Those people allowed to view a blog can write comments in response to posts, and blogging can become a very interactive conversation.
Another Blog host is Open Diary.
“A new technology is rarely superior to an old one in every feature”. Briefly discuss this statement in relation to digital camera technology. What would you consider to be some of the pluses and minuses digital camera technology holds in relation to more traditional film based cameras?
The new digital camera’s great benefit is the ability to take hundreds of photographs with limited problems such as, limit of photos, battery, and time. This benefit and the nature of a digital camera means that people take many more unnecessary photographs, which means an overload of unnecessary information. The other thing about digital camera is that the convenience is loading them onto the computer and not necessarily printing them off, this can mean though, that people have no printed photos but rather electronic photos which are harder to access and often are lost because of technological failure.
List some of the ways that digital images can be stored transferred and manipulated using other communications technology.
Digital images can be sent to people via the internet emailing system. This means that a family member across the world can be instantly shown a picture of a new grandchild or a wedding. Digital images can also be loaded onto the internet as an information source open to all people and can aid in teaching about a subject or sharing news more accurately with a photograph of the immediate happenings.
Given the prevalence of image capturing devices, and thinking about the issues discussed in tutorial one, consider what sort of ethical issues may arise with their use.
Digital cameras are very widely used. This leads to the ethical consideration, who/ what are people allowed to take pictures of, and if there are rules, how can they be policed? A tourist may take a photo of a person in a country, just going around their daily business, and may post this picture on a web site to show his friends. That person may feel their privacy has been breached, but the tourist may not think that that is the case. Who is to judge, and what can be done about it?
Briefly discuss some of the ways that digital images could, or are, being used in occupational therapy practice.
On my second placement in the acute burns and plastic ward, my supervisor used a digital camera to help her in her practice. She used it in her out patient scar management clinic, to have a visual memory of what a clients scar looked like a few weeks ago and how it was progressing. This made her clinical judgements and treatments a lot more accurate.
Provide a brief summary of the services offered by Flickr.com
“Flickr is an image and video hosting website, web services suite, and online community platform. It was one of the earliest Web 2.0 applications. In addition to being a popular Web site for users to share personal photographs, the service is widely used by bloggers as a photo repository. Its popularity has been fueled by its organization tools, which allow photos to be tagged and browsed by folksonomic means. As of November 2007, it hosts more than two billion images.”
Name one other photo storage website which offers a service similar to Flickr.com
Explain what the difference is between a digital and an optical zoom
Digital zoom basically just crops and enlarges an already captured image where as optical zoom magnifies the image.
Explain what is meant by the term mega pixel
A mega pixel is one million pixels often used to describe the amount of pixels in an image, or the amount of digital display elements in a camera.
Tutorial One: Information Technology and Ethical Issues
Provide a definition of Information Technology/Information Communications Technology (APA reference required)
“the production, storage, and communication of information using computers and electronic technology”
Retrieved from: www.collinslanguage.com
Consider the definition of IT you have provided. How is this form of technology prevalent in our society? How common place has it become?
This form of technology can be found everywhere. Computers are used for security, health, research, data collection, information stores, math calculations, communication, hobbies, entertainment, work, for children and for elderly, to find love, to get to know people. Cell phones are used to communicate by most people in society, weather its work, family, friends, or getting to know someone. Digital cameras and videos are very prevalent, as visual records for memories or as an art form, for families or for work. Generally technology can be found every where, and nearly every person especially in western society uses some form of technology.
What IT devices or system do you feel comfortable and competent using?
I feel competent using cell phones, digital cameras, video cameras, ipods, play station and internet.
Thinking about your own fieldwork experiences consider how IT is being used in Occupational Therapy practice?
On my first placement in the community, IT was used in the hostel for physically disabled people. Most of the inhabitants had laptops, cell phones and cameras. These were aids that enabled people with speech dysfunction to communicate and helped others entertain themselves during the day. These people would get together and use the play station as a fun social event.
What ethical implications arise from the capturing, sharing and transferring of information via IT devices (e.g. mobile phones) or systems (e.g. internet)
Some ethical issues are:
privacy - being able to share other peoples information.
privacy - being contactable at all times; cell phone.
privacy – having other people have access to your information without asking.
Provide a definition of Computer Ethics (APA reference required)
Computer: “an electronic device that processes data according to a set of instructions”
Ethics: “a moral principle or set of moral values held by an individual or group”
Retrieved from: www.collinslanguage.com
Provide a definition of Intellectual Property (APA reference required)
Intellectual property (IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights. Under intellectual property law, the holder of one of these abstract "properties" has certain exclusive rights to the creative work, commercial symbol, or invention by which it is covered.”
Provide a definition of Social Justice (APA reference required)
“Social justice refers to the concept of a society in which justice is achieved in every aspect of society, rather than merely the administration of law. It is generally thought of as a world which affords individuals and groups fair treatment and an impartial share of the benefits of society.”
Provide a definition of Informed Consent (APA reference required)
“Informed consent is a legal condition whereby a person can be said to have given consent based upon an appreciation and understanding of the facts and implications of an action. The individual needs to be in possession of relevant facts and also of his or her reasoning faculties, such as not being mentally retarded or mentally ill and without an impairment of judgment at the time of consenting. Such impairments might include illness, intoxication, insufficient sleep, and other health problems.”
In your own words briefly summarise why (or why not) a great understanding of ITC and the ethical issues it encompasses will help us in our practice and daily lives.
I believe an understanding technology has great advantages in this modern world. It allows one to be able to keep up with what is happening, and use the best technology for practice and benefits in daily life. Knowing the ethical issues related to the use of technology is very important especially when using the technology in practice. It is very important to keep patient confidentiality rights.